Thursday, July 26, 2012

MODULE 8 - GAUSS (1777 - 1855)

GAUSS (1777 - 1855)
“Mathematics is the queen of sciences and
Arithmetic is the queen of mathematics”
By Gauss

23  April 1777,Brunswick, Germany (1707-04-15)
23 February 1855 (age 77)
Mathematician, telegraphic, astronomy
university of Gottingen

Gauss the greatest mathematician of the world was born in Brunswick (Germany) on 23rd April, 1777.He was the son of a day laborer and small contractor. His father name was Jerold doyatric gauss. From the early childhood, gauss was having great interest in mathematics.
In 1799 he wrote a book on mathematics titled “Disquisitions Arithmaeticae.” In the same year he received his Doctor’s degree at Helmstadt. In 1807 he was appointed as director of the Gottingen observatory cum professor of mathematics at the University of Gottingen. In 1809 he published his another book titled “Thoria Motus” (a work on the application of mathematics to celestial mechanics.).  Again in 1827 he published another book titled “Supervision Curves.”

His contributions
v  17 sides Polygon: In the year of 1796, Gauss invented the process of constructing a polygon of seventeen sides with the help of rural and compass.
v  Trigonometry: He discovered four formulae in spherical trigonometry, which is also known as “Gauss Analogies.”
v  Astronomy: he calculated the orbits of two new planets (shares and phallus) and satellites. In 1809 he published his book on astronomy.
v  Differential geometry: theory of surfaces he did many researches
v  Statistics (Theory of Errors): he discovered the famous law of “Gaussian law of Normal Distribution of Errors” in theory of probability.
v  Mathematical analysis: he invented mathematical of motion and growth as had been developed by Newton and leibnitz.
v  Hyper complex number: he solved the hyper complex numbers (a+bi+cj+dk).
v  Non-Euclidean geometry: he also did a good work in that side. He gave lot of research conclusion in geometry.
v  Magnetism: Gauss is also famous for his scientific work in the field of magnetism and electricity in which he tried the possibility of sending telegraphic signals from Gottingen to a neighbouring town.
v  Telegraph: He was initiated to found the telegraphic signal in an intercom mode. He invented some of the telegraphic theorem and practice.
v  Book: In 1799 he wrote first book on mathematics. I.e. “Disquisition Arithmeticae” in which he showed that every integral rational equation in a single variable has atleast one root.
v  Others: He spent most of the time to problems of astronomy, theory of surface complex numbers, least squares and hyperbolic geometry. He invented new algorithms by introducing the theory of congruencies of figures. 

Gauss has touched many topics not only in the field of astronomy, but pure and applied sciences and that is why he is known as the real founder of modern German mathematics. He died on February 23, 1855.

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