GAUSS (1777  1855)
“Mathematics is the
queen of sciences and
Arithmetic is the
queen of mathematics”
Born

23 April 1777,Brunswick, Germany

Died

23 February 1855 (age 77)

Residence

Germany,

Nationality

German

Fields

Mathematician,
telegraphic, astronomy

Institutions

university of Gottingen

Helmstadt.

Gauss the greatest mathematician of the world was born in Brunswick (Germany) on 23^{rd} April, 1777.He was the son of a day laborer and small contractor. His father name was Jerold doyatric gauss. From the early childhood, gauss was having great interest in mathematics.
In
1799 he wrote a book on mathematics titled “Disquisitions Arithmaeticae.” In
the same year he received his Doctor’s degree at Helmstadt. In 1807 he was
appointed as director of the Gottingen observatory cum professor of mathematics
at the University of Gottingen. In 1809 he published his another book titled
“Thoria Motus” (a work on the application of mathematics to celestial
mechanics.). Again in 1827 he published
another book titled “Supervision Curves.”
His contributions
v 17
sides Polygon: In the year of 1796, Gauss invented
the process of constructing a polygon of seventeen sides with the help of rural
and compass.
v Trigonometry:
He discovered four formulae in spherical trigonometry, which is also known as
“Gauss Analogies.”
v Astronomy:
he calculated the orbits of two new planets (shares and phallus) and
satellites. In 1809 he published his book on astronomy.
v Differential
geometry: theory of surfaces he did many researches
v Statistics
(Theory of Errors): he discovered the famous
law of “Gaussian law of Normal Distribution of Errors” in theory of
probability.
v Mathematical
analysis: he invented mathematical of motion and
growth as had been developed by Newton and leibnitz.
v Hyper
complex number: he solved
the hyper complex numbers (a+bi+cj+dk).
v NonEuclidean
geometry: he also did a good work in that side. He
gave lot of research conclusion in geometry.
v Magnetism:
Gauss is also famous for his scientific work in the field of magnetism and
electricity in which he tried the possibility of sending telegraphic signals
from Gottingen to a neighbouring town.
v Telegraph:
He was initiated to found the telegraphic signal in an intercom mode. He
invented some of the telegraphic theorem and practice.
v Book:
In 1799 he wrote first book on mathematics. I.e. “Disquisition Arithmeticae” in
which he showed that every integral rational equation in a single variable has
atleast one root.
v Others:
He spent most of the time to problems of astronomy, theory of surface complex
numbers, least squares and hyperbolic geometry. He invented new algorithms by
introducing the theory of congruencies of figures.